Essay writing

Tips and Tricks for Writing an Essay


In the same breath, writing can be both simple and challenging. If you follow the golden writing rules, it’s easy. But if you don’t, it’s a lot more work. When writing an essay that will be graded, a writer must go through a series of rigorous stages. It is also important to note that writing requires a lot more than just a good command of the English language to succeed. This includes essay writing, which has its own set of rules and frameworks that a writer must adhere to in order to produce a quality piece of work.

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Essay: What Is It and What Does It Do?

An essay is described as a short piece of writing that conveys the writer’s point of view or thoughts. A more accurate definition would be that essays are short pieces of writing that present a single point of view or set of experiences from the author. Students who are expected to write as part of their course work are more likely to encounter them. There are numerous forms of essays. Essay questions and topics can have a significant impact on how a writer chooses to approach a given topic or question.

There are four types of essays listed below.

Essays That Persuade

This type of essay is written with the goal of persuading the reader or audience to agree with the author’s point of view or perspective. Persuasive arguments are used by the author to defend his or her position.

Narrative Essays

It’s a story. An essay is used to tell a tale, an event, or an experience in this type of writing. In the essay, the writer uses a first-person narrative voice to narrate their story.

Reflective Essays

An event, object, place, person or even a memory might be described in these kinds of writings. To keep the reader’s interest, the author must utilize descriptive language that conjures up a mental picture of the event.

An Expository Essay

When writing an expository essay, the goal is to provide as much information as possible regarding the topic or question at hand. It is clear from the writer’s explanation that they are presenting their reader with a thorough understanding of the subject matter. These essays are unique since they don’t include any of the writer’s thoughts or feelings on the topic. There are a few things you need to accomplish before you start writing anything. As a minimum, the employment of specific principles, aesthetic conventions, and techniques must be adhered to in a robotic manner. An essay should be logically connected. When writing an essay, the rubrics must be studied thoroughly, followed, and observed in action. The stages outlined below should be followed when working on an essay.

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A guide to writing an essay.

Preparation for Writing

The pre-writing stage is the first step in the writing process. In order to get ready for the framework of the writing, you need to do some preparation first. Inquiries, group discussions and research all fall under this umbrella. It includes the criteria researchers use to collect data and examine if their hypotheses about a particular occurrence hold up under scrutiny in an essay question. In order to successfully complete this assignment, a writer, like an architect, must first devise a strategy. Anyone who tries to write without sufficient research preparation will find it tough. A writer’s ideas and logical flow are devolved during all stages of the writing process, even though pre-writing is typically the initial step.

Phase I: Preparation

First and first, a writer must be aware of what they’re supposed to be writing about in order to come up with a coherent piece of work. Basically, it would appear like building a house without taking any measurements or putting any emphasis on the foundation and expecting it to last for a long time. As a result, it should come as no surprise that effective writing necessitates forward planning on the part of the author. The final output is an unfinished piece of art. As a result, a writer’s first priority is to thoroughly comprehend the task at hand. It is the most important step in the writing process. This is because we want to write more than just acceptable essays; we want to produce works that stand out from the crowd. It is work that has the potential to achieve excellent grades or impact public opinion and policymaking on a certain topic.

When writing an essay, you need to do some research on the topic you’re going to write about. Using brainstorming, the writer asks, and then answers, questions about the subject matter. In order to complete the task at hand, the writer sits down and assesses what they need to do. This is the moment at which the key points of the subject are recorded in the form of a list of notes. The essay’s primary and secondary ideas are also included in this section. This process transforms the writer into a subject matter expert who then decides what to say about the material being researched. The preparation phase comprises drafting a research plan with which the writer explores and analyses the issue to be tested in the subject matter. As a result of this research, the writer is able to answer the essay question in a thorough manner.

In order to answer the question, it is necessary to test all of the available ways to do so. This is the time when ideas and possibilities are sorted out. Issues or thoughts that are worthy of the reader’s attention are listed and numbered. This is done by re-reading the question and assuming an expert’s viewpoint, thereby removing any concerns. As a result of this procedure, the author is able to present their point in a methodical and ordered manner, meeting the criterion for flawlessly written essays.

It’s Time to Get Started

From here on, a writer must adhere to a new set of rules and guidelines. In the first step, each thought is written down in a logical sequence in a stage called as draft writing. Real-time writing is used by the writer to jot down their thoughts while referring back to their notes from earlier in the process. The writing progresses in accordance with the plan that was drawn out at the beginning of the project. Organizing thoughts into sentences and paragraphs is the first step. Specifically, errors in grammar, passive voice, and spelling should not be a problem at this point. Since ideas are processed and generated in a progressive manner, they can be incorporated into an already created writing plan. The issue or question is addressed in a logical and comprehensive manner. When it comes to this particular case, the pre-writing plan made up by the author is the most important factor.

Mapping The Essay

A pre-writing process that follows the drafting stage is essay mapping. A writer anticipates their reader’s reasoning and frames their ideas and arguments in accordance with that reasoning. In this step, the essay’s ideas and arguments are outlined and presented in a written narrative that provides an early look at the writer’s perspective.

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In order to write an essay, you need to know how to organize it.

The importance of conciseness and clarity in an essay cannot be overstated. To establish and sustain the essay’s coherence, consideration must be given to the incorporation of fresh spot-on ideas that arise during the writing process. As a result, it is recommended that new ideas be integrated into the original plan, or that the original plan be changed as a result of the process of integrating new ideas. All essay types must adhere to the following framework, regardless of the subject matter.


An opening statement provides context for the topic or issue being tested in the introduction section. It’s a short and to the point section. In addition, it aims to provide a sense of direction for the next sections. A quick summary of the current materials supporting the topic in question may also include some conclusive data, such as statistics. Prior to a thesis statement that appears at the end of the introduction, a statement contextualizing the topic into the context of the writer’s study and the audience is included. The objective of the thesis statement is to explain to the reader why the current research is relevant. In addition, it gives them a taste of what to expect in the upcoming sections of the book.

Essay questions and topics are decoded by focusing on key ideas, concepts, and terms that make up the essay’s thesis statement. In this section, the author promises to answer any questions the reader or audience may have about the subject matter of the work, thereby encouraging them to continue reading. Thus, the introduction of the essay explains what the reader can expect and gives an indication as to whether or not they will be able to satisfy their hunger for knowledge in the piece of writing that they are reading.

Directly answering the questions of “how” and “why” is what the thesis statement is all about. The thesis statement’s argument is intimately related to the research topic it addresses. It is the thesis statement that reveals the author’s perspective in the essay, notably in the introduction. Depending on the essay subject or topic, it gives the reader an idea of what they can expect to read about. Specifically, the thesis statement outlines the concepts, approaches, and arguments that will be discussed in the essay. Additionally, it functions as a guide for the reader’s search for the essay’s topic-related solutions.


The section consists of numerous paragraphs, each with a distinct idea and supporting evidence. The first paragraph of the essay is known as the topic sentence, and it includes the first sentence of the paragraph. The essay’s initial paragraph should be the most powerful and compelling of all of its arguments. It focuses on the primary idea that is closely related to the thesis. The essay question or topic dictates how the writer must synthesize evidence in order to provide an effective response. In each paragraph, the essay’s central theme is explored in depth.

The main point.

The thesis statement is explained in detail in the opening paragraph, which includes evidence to support the essay’s arguments. The paragraph’s topic sentence sets the stage for the rest of the text. There follows a supporting statement that claims and gives evidence in support of the main point. During the research process, the author synthesizes the various information and resources he or she came across to support the assertion. Following the thesis statement and topic sentence, the supporting statement expands on them. While writing, the writer interacts with many different resources, which are used in the construction of the piece. Also included in these supporting elements are the writer’s own critical analysis and interpretation of the materials they consulted throughout the pre-writing phase.

Ending Sentence.

Each paragraph has a concluding sentence at the end of it. In this way, the writer has the opportunity to create a lasting impact on the audience. Statements like these are commonly included at the end of each paragraph, reinforcing what was previously stated in the opening sentence. A key role in highlighting the core notion is played by it.

Rebuttals and counterarguments

A refutation is the existence of an opposing position, while a counterargument is the existence of an opposing position. An examination of the counterargument’s elements is followed by a demonstration of its inadequacies. The essay’s counterargument is disproved through the use of instances and logical arguments. Using examples and data, the author shows that counterarguments are incomplete and don’t allow for an alternate viewpoint. Counterarguments and refutations by the author show that the essay’s argument is more solid.

It’s also important to keep an eye out for opposing viewpoints when writing an essay. Consequently, the writer must answer to the critics or people who disagree with their viewpoint. An intellectual dispute is created in which a writer responds to another expert in the field by arguing their own knowledge. The writer and critic’s ideas or arguments must be placed up in such a way that academic debate can take place. The purpose of this section is to convince the reader that the study done on the subject at hand is worthwhile. Retaliation also shows that the writer has a wide range of viewpoints on the subject at hand.


These are words that link sentences together and help the reader see how the essay’s ideas flow from one paragraph to the next. It’s not a piece of writing in and of itself, but rather a style chosen during the writing process. Specifically, transitions include the usage of phrases that aid in the logical progression of thoughts. The use of transition words in an essay is influenced by the language and writing style of each individual author.. The ability to read and learn is just as important as the ability to be passionate about writing, as was previously said. As a result, essay writing requires a writer to have a high degree of proficiency in transitions.


An essay’s concluding paragraph sums up the author’s arguments. Based on what has been discussed throughout this article, the reader is urged to reflect on their own thoughts. Concluding remarks are an opportunity for the writer to leave a lasting impact on the reader’s mind while providing an effective end to an essay. Furthermore, this is the final opportunity for the writer to persuade their reader based on the conclusions of their research offered in earlier sections. For this section, writers are expected to review their work in conjunction with their thesis statement to determine which of the essay’s supported claims deserve more explanation. Proposals for action and a prediction of the future are made while inviting the reader to ponder the matter.


The post-writing process is the final stage of the writing process when the writer is confident that all of the requirements of the previous stages have been met. When it is time to submit, the article is re-edited and revised.

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Editing and Revision

The post-writing process begins here as the project nears its end. The writer sees this as an opportunity to improve their work before submitting the final version. An essay’s content can be fine-tuned at the revision stage by moving, deleting, or adding information. Aside from that, the writer examines their thoughts in an effort to improve the clarity, accuracy, or interest, or persuasion of their views. It includes a review of the text for grammatical errors, such as excessive use of passive voice, and correcting them if necessary.

Editing, on the other hand, is a process in which a writer re-examines how they communicated their thoughts in order to improve their final product. Changing or adding words, or fixing grammar, sentence structure, or writing style faults is part of the process. Also, it may include the substitution of words and phrases with more relevant ones and phrases in an effort to strengthen the conviction of ideas or arguments in the essay’s content. In the end, it is this procedure that makes the article sound more polished, more mature, and more finished. By rewriting the words and phrases they used in the first place, the writer reassesses their ideas, arguments, sentence structure, and punctuation. This section is critical since it guarantees that the essay as a whole is cohesive. In each paragraph, the writer revises their ideas and arguments so that they are unified and logically arranged. Here, the writer examines to see if the transitions are consistent, while also rewriting and substituting words and phrases to improve the essay’s chronological flow.


This final stage of composing an essay also includes peer reviews. An further professional assessment may be necessary before the release of college-level essays or other materials. In the case of significant academic examinations and publications, peer review is essential and recommended. The rewritten and edited copy is sent to another writer for impartial and professional criticism at this point. As a result, writers are able to rethink their ideas through objective criticism on their work. The writer is ultimately responsible for implementing the valuable feedback from the peer review process.


All resources used in the pre-writing and writing process are listed here. Supporting information for the essay can be found in the form of books, journal articles and websites. A writer is recommended to use and adhere to one of the many referencing styles and formats available in the field of writing in order to maintain consistency. Depending on the type of paper you’re writing, the reference style guidelines will be different.

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